The Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) has 16 states (German: Bundesländer, singular: Bundesland). The biggest is Bavaria and the smallest is Bremen. Most of them were created after the Second World War, although their historical roots can be traced back to the early Middle Ages in some cases. Exceptions are:.
Following an introductory overview of the 16 States of the Federal Republic of Germany: Baden-Württemberg. An inventive spirit and vigour, hard work and thrift – that's the Baden-Württembergers' recipe for success. Bavaria. Berlin. Brandenburg. Bremen. Hamburg. Hesse. Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

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Why Cities Can’t Go Bankrupt in Canada or Germany

Information on Germany and the German federal states. Official sites of the federal states, tourism information for germany and the major cities.
Facts about the 16 German states, their size, population, holiday regions. Learn about the history, discover wonderful holiday destinations.

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Test your geography knowledge - Germany states | Lizard Point

State. Population. Area in km². State Capital. Baden-Württemberg. 10,624,000. 35,752. Stuttgart · Bavaria. 12,563,000. 70,552. Munich · Berlin. 3,415,000. 892. Berlin. Brandenburg. 2,449,000. 29,479. Potsdam. Bremen. 654,800. 419. Bremen. Hamburg. 1,748,000. 755. Hamburg · Hesse. 6,040,000. 21,115. Wiesbaden.
List of German States. Berlin. Brandenburg. Bremen. Hamburg. Hesse (Hessen) Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. North Rhine - Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen)


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Germany | history - geography | victory-casinos.win

Federal state Baden-Württemberg. Federal state Bavaria. Federal state Berlin. Federal state Brandenburg. Federal state Bremen. Federal state Hamburg. Federal state Hesse. Federal state Lower Saxony.
Learn about Germany and it's 16 states and capitals with this fun educational animated music video for.


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Germany - Wikitravel

The Federal Republic of Germany is made up of 16 federal states. Select one of the federal states on our map and find out all about it.
A trip around all 16 federal states. Bavaria. Bavaria is the most popular travel destination in Germany - every year around 8.5 million foreign guests visit the state. Bavaria is especially renowned for its traditions and beautiful landscapes. Around 12.9 million people live here. The capital is Munich. 09.2015 Best of ...


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States of Germany Map Quiz

Germany's 16 federal states may have a common goal – to cut emissions and fight climate change – but there are many different opinions about how to achieve it and how exactly the Energiewende should progress. Ahead of the parliamentary elections in three states on 13 March, this factsheet looks at the.
On this page you will be able to find Of Germany's 16 states, these 2 at opposite ends of the country begin with the same letter & are the largest & smallest. Please make sure to leave a comment below if something is wrong or missing. Our staff will be more than happy to help you out.


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Discover Germany's regions with regional day tickets (Länder-Tickets).

In Germany, the authors of an article on municipal debt for the German Institute for Economic Research gave Michigan a nod when they titled a draft report, Race to the Debt Trap?
Nevertheless, we could learn from Germany, as well as from our neighbor Canada, how to avert the fiscal catastrophes of municipal bankruptcies.
A key lesson is in the roles of shared revenues, shared tax bases and implicit state responsibility for municipal debt.
In Canada, one of the most decentralized countries in the world, provinces are responsible for most major social expenditures.
They also receive large, unconditional transfers from the federal government -- so much so, in fact, that in some provinces such transfers are more important sources of revenue than their own taxes.
RELATED Canadian municipalities are essentially agents of provincial governments: Hierarchical budget and debt constraints restrict their revenues, click to see more their expenditures and control access to capital markets.
But if a local government gets into financial trouble, the province generally comes to the rescue in a germanys 16 states of ways, including adjusting municipal boundaries, taking over functions and in the extreme, taking control of its finances.
To finance these essential services, German municipalities draw not only upon three local taxes two property and a local business taxbut also allocated tax revenue germanys 16 states income taxes, federal value-added taxes and state-allocated grants.
The shared tax base eliminates overdependence on a property tax and serves to balance disparities in both resources and needs germanys 16 states the local level.
German states implicitly guarantee public debt incurred by municipalities.
This means municipalities in great fiscal distress do not experience the kinds of on your mobile site rate spreads or disparities experienced in this country.
This is not dissimilar from a Chapter 9 plan of adjustment that demonstrates how the municipality can return to a balanced budget within 10 years.
In Canada, local borrowing requires prior provincial approval and is severely limited.
These constraints are a product of the implicit provincial responsibility for bailing out any municipal default and a legacy of the Great Depression, which in Canada led to a wave of local defaults amounting to about 10 percent of total municipal debt.
Today, such transfers as a proportion of total local revenues remain close to half.
Neither the federal government nor states share tax bases with localities.
In Canada, although provinces have freedom to choose their own tax bases and rates, in practice most provincial income taxes are collected by the federal government under tax collection agreements -- with the condition that the same base is taxed as for the federal income tax.
Moreover, the Canadian federal government collects corporation income taxes and personal income taxes for several provinces under such arrangements.
Thus, instead of tax competition, the Canadian federal and provincial governments essentially tax the same bases.
The federal government collects more from its taxes than its direct spending, so that, for many years, it has transferred much of the surplus through two large unconditional transfer programs to the provinces -- even as direct income maintenance programs for the elderly, children and the unemployed are largely federal.
Unlike the more difficult relationships between the three layers of government in this country, Germany and Germanys 16 states appear to be models of shared more info and fiscal responsibility.

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